Managing and validating laboratory information systems

XML is an application profile or restricted form of SGML, the Standard Generalized Markup Language.By construction, XML documents are conforming SGML documents." "XML is primarily intended to meet the requirements of large-scale Web content providers for industry-specific markup, vendor-neutral data exchange, media-independent publishing, one-on-one marketing, workflow management in collaborative authoring environments, and the processing of Web documents by intelligent clients.

The language is designed for the quickest possible client-side processing consistent with its primary purpose as an electronic publishing and data interchange format." [971208 W3C press release] "XML documents are made up of storage units called entities, which contain either parsed or unparsed data. Its goal is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML. Announced at the SGML/XML '97 Conference in Washington, D. See the press release, or a press release, alternate source.Parsed data is made up of characters, some of which form the character data in the document, and some of which form markup. XML has been designed for ease of implementation and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML." Sources: [see W3C for additional translations] [December 08 [12], 1997] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0, issued as a W3C Proposed Recommendation. Editors: Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), and C. Sperberg-Mc Queen (University of Illinois at Chicago). XML WG Chair Jon Bosak clarified the WG's new work focus in light of the publication of this PR.Markup encodes a description of the document's storage layout and logical structure. See now the separate document for references to SGML/XML FAQs.Several introductory and tutorial articles on the Extensible Markup Language (XML) are referenced in the shorter XML Introduction document. "The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is the universal format for structured documents and data on the Web." -- W3C XML Web site, 2000-07-06.The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is descriptively identified in the XML 1.0 W3C Recommendation as "an extremely simple dialect [or 'subset'] of SGML" the goal of which "is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML," for which reason "XML has been designed for ease of implementation, and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML." Note that the "HTML" referenced in the preceding sentence (bis) means HTML 4.0 and 3.2 which were in common use as of 10-February-1998, when the XML 1.0 specification was published as a W3C Recommendation.

The next version of 'HTML' is expected to be reformulated as an XML application, so that it will be based upon XML rather than upon SGML.As of December 1998, 'Voyager' was the W3C code name for HTML reformulated as an application of XML.XML was initially "developed by a W3C Generic SGML Editorial Review Board formed under the auspices of the W3 Consortium in 1996 and chaired by Jon Bosak of Sun Microsystems, with the very active participation of a Generic SGML Working Group also organized by the W3C." An XML WG (Working Group) under W3C served initially as an editorial board, which received input from an XML Special Interest Group.As of late 1998, the XML design effort was re-chartered under the direction of an XML Coordination Group and XML Plenary Interest Group to be carried out in five new XML working groups: XML Schema Working Group, XML Fragment Working Group, XML Linking Working Group (XLink and XPointer), XML Information Set Working Group, and XML Syntax Working Group.These working groups were designed to have close liaison relationships with the W3C's Extensible Style[sheet] Language (XSL) Working Group and Document Object Model (DOM) Working Group."Extensible Markup Language, abbreviated XML, describes a class of data objects called XML documents and partially describes the behavior of computer programs which process them.