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Yellow is the color between green and orange in the spectrum of visible light, the color of ripe lemons, sunflowers and gold.

It is a primary color in subtractive color, used in color printing.

According to surveys in Europe, Canada and the United States, yellow is the color people most often associate with amusement, gentleness, and spontaneity, but also with duplicity, envy, jealousy, avarice, and, in the U. It plays an important role in Asian culture, particularly in China, where it is seen as the color of happiness, glory, wisdom, harmony and culture.

It has the same Indo-European base, gʰel-, as the words gold and yell; gʰel- means both bright and gleaming, and to cry out. Yellow, in the form of yellow ochre pigment made from clay, was one of the first colors used in prehistoric cave art.The cave of Lascaux has an image of a horse colored with yellow estimated to be 17,300 years old.In Ancient Egypt, yellow+blue was associated with gold, which was considered to be imperishable, eternal and indestructible.The skin and bones of the gods were believed to be made of gold.The Egyptians used yellow extensively in tomb paintings; they usually used either yellow ochre or the brilliant orpiment, though it was made of arsenic and was highly toxic.

A small paintbox with orpiment pigment was found in the tomb of King Tutankhamun.

Men were always shown with brown faces, women with yellow ochre or gold faces.

During the Middle Ages and Renaissance, yellow became firmly established as the color of Judas Iscariot, the disciple who betrayed Jesus Christ, even though the Bible never describes his clothing.

From this connection, yellow also took on associations with envy, jealousy and duplicity.

The tradition began in the Renaissance of marking non-Christian outsiders, such as Jews, with the color yellow.

In 16th century Spain, those accused of heresy and who refused to renounce their views were compelled to come before the Spanish Inquisition dressed in a yellow cape. Turner was one of the first in that century to use yellow to create moods and emotions, the way romantic composers were using music.