THAT no Money be allowed by the Overseers to be paid to any Person, but by Order of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace, and the Gentlemen of the Committee then sitting, on a Day appointed Weekly for the Relief of the Poor.THAT no Person be admitted into the House, but on the Committee-day, except on some extraordinary Occasion.THAT a Vestry be holden in the Parish-Church the first Sunday in the Month, by the Gentlemen aforesaid, and as many of the Parishioners as please to attend, to inspect the Overseers Accounts for the Month past ; and likewise examine the Houshold Expence of Provisions received by the Master, and that a Voucher do appear for each Article then delivered.
THAT there be kept four Books (viz.) A Day-Book, a Weekly-Book, and a Monthly-Book, to enter Provisions received in the House, and a Book to enter all Tradesmen's Bills, and Extraordinaries paid by the Overseers, to be brought to Account Monthly. THE Monthly Book is kept in the same Method as the Weekly.
THAT such Orders be set up in the House as shall be appointed by his Majesty's Justices of the Peace, the Gentlemen of the Committee, Church-Wardens, and Overseers of the Poor, for the better Regulation of the House. AN Apothecary attends the Sick with proper Medicines at 15l. A School-Mistress belonging to the House teaches the Children to read. The 1732 edition of the Account also recorded that a workhouse was erected in Deptford in 1726.
THE Weekly Bill of Fare for this House is much the same as in other Places. By May 1729 there were 70 inmates in residence, including 26 children who were all "decently lodged, fed, cloathed, and taught." In 1753, Greenwich promoted a parlimentary Local Act (26 Geo.2 c.101) to place administration of poor relief into the hands of a Board of Guardians elected from the local ratepayers.
[Up to 1834] [After 1834] [Staff] [Inmates] [Records] [Bibliography] [Links] Greenwich's first parish workhouse was opened in 1723, next to St.
Alphege's Church, In 1725, the first edition of An Account of Several Workhouses...
included a IT being observ'd that the Poor are very numerous, and cost about 800 l.
to the Parish annually for supporting them; Two honourable Gentlemen of the Town offer'd to build a commodious House for Lodging and Dieting all those Poor, provided the Parish would consent to dispose of their Weekly Allowances under such a Management, as might, with the Produce of their Labour, wholly maintain them.
THE Parishioners, taking the same into their Consideration, thankfully accepted of this Offer, and submitted the Direction of it to such Management, as the said Gentlemen should prescribe. Matthew Marryott, of Olney in Buckinghamshire, having, with great Success, directed the setting up Houses of Maintenance for the Poor in Buckinghamshire, and other Counties, was invited to Greenwich, to propose a Plan, by which the like might be done there.
Accordingly, this Summer, a commodious House has been built near the Church, at the Charge of the Honourable Gentlemen aforesaid ; and at Midsummer, all such Poor, as receiv'd Weekly Pensions from the Parish, were admitted into it, to the Number of 900 odd, and are at present employ'd in the picking of Oakum, winding Silk for Throwsters, Spinning Jersey, and such other Work as they are capable of under Mr. THIS Undertaking being its Infancy, it does not yet appear what will be the Success of it ; but one good Effect it has already had, viz.
That those that are absolutely necessitous, are better provided for than they were before ; and many of those were before burthensome to the Parish, have exerted themselves, so as to live by their own Industry, to avoid giving that Burthen ; by which, the Parish have already sav'd considerably. They are furnish'd with old Cable cut into Pieces, commonly called Junk, from the King's Yard at Deptford, to be pick'd into Oakum, for which they allow the Work-house 4 s. THAT there be Annually chosen by the Vestry, such Gentlemen and others, as the Parish Shall think most proper to inspect the Affairs of the House.
And it has prov'd an effectual Means to drive Beggars out of the Town, notwithstanding the People in this House are lodg'd and dieted in so commodious a Manner as they are. THAT the Master shall keep a Book, and Register the Names of all the Poor that are maintained in the House, and that no Monies be brought to an Account but for such as are so Registered ; and that a daily Account of the Expence of Provisions be brought to a Weekly, and then to a Monthly Account, to be perused in the Vestry. that shall be furnished for the Use of the Poor, shall be view'd by the Churchwardens and Overseers, and by the Gentlemen of the Committee, or any three of them that shall be appointed to inspect the Affairs of the House, and that no Repairs be done to the said House, but what is actually approved of by the Committee.