In 1996, economist Suzanne Snively estimated the cost of domestic violence in New Zealand to be between .2 and .8 billion per annum.Recent estimates in Australia cost domestic violence at AUD.1 billion per year.
Psychiatrist Terr (1991) describes ‘Type I’ and ‘Type II’ traumatic events.Type I takes the form of a single, short-term event (e.g. Type II involves repeated or prolonged exposure to such events.Research suggests that Type II trauma – into which domestic violence falls – tends to have a greater impact on an individual’s functioning.The Domestic Violence is not a game, no matter what th abuser says.Domestic violence has a lot of bad consequences and can cost more than billion a year (in the USA) in law enforcement involvement, legal work, medical and mental health treatment, and lost productivity at companies. It involves significant justice, welfare and health costs and diverts time and resources away from productive causes.
Interest in estimating the cost of domestic violence emerged in the late 1980s, with the first research of note emerging from the USA in 1987.
By quantifying the cost of domestic violence, it was hoped that a dollar figure would make it clear that domestic violence is a social problem that affects the whole community, and that once governments realised the scale of its economic impact they would act urgently.
Since then, many countries have looked at the issue.
While there have been challenges about how to integrate the different costing tools and methodologies used, it is clear that domestic violence is an expensive issue globally.
In 2004, the British government estimated the total cost of domestic violence to be £23 billion a year, a figure that included a significant allowance for emotional and human costs.
British employers lose around £2.7 billion pounds a year as a direct result of domestic violence.